There is no doubt that tyres perhaps one of the most crucial elements of a vehicle’s body. After all, a tyre is what makes the vehicle move, without which, the primary goal of transportation would not be achieved.

Moreover, the tyre is the only part of the vehicle that is constantly in contact with the ground. Hence, tyres tend to go through a lot of wear and tear due to the road friction as they move. Usually, car owners tend to take extra care of the exterior body of their vehicle a lot. However, many of them do not realize that the tyres of their vehicle deserve equal attention and regular maintenance for optimal performance.

We have listed down a number of tips that will help you keep your tyres well-maintained, allowing it to perform efficiently and to last longer.

The tyre pressure

Letting your tyres be under the action of the right pressure is a factor that plays quite an important role in prolonging its life. However, this is something that people usually ignore, and give attention to only during an occasional vehicle service.

Proper inflation of the tyres will allow maximum road contact, allowing your tyres to function at their maximum capabilities. Moreover, proper inflation also plays a great role in reducing the noise generated by rotating wheels along with a reduction in the friction. This reduced friction, in turn, increases the fuel economy of the vehicle.

The tyre tread

The prime aim of the tyre tread is to maintain a good grip on the road under slippery conditions. It does this by dispersing the water on the ground (in case of a rain for instance), in order to increase the friction of the tyre with respect to the ground.

The tread of a tyre follows a specific design which is known as ‘blocks’. These blocks improve the handling of the car hence reducing the risk of accidents and fatalities due to a poor vehicle control. All in all, the tyre tread is a critical factor for road safety.

Hence, tyre treads should regularly be checked for any signs of damage, and punctures. Due to the wear and tear caused by friction, the depth of the tyre tread becomes lesser with the passage of time. One should always ensure that there is a sufficient level of tyre tread left for safe handling. 

Finding the righttyre size

Apart from the right pressure and tyre tread, the right tyre size is a lesser-known yet equally important factor that affects your vehicle’s overall output. Usually, only a specific range of tyre sizes would fit your vehicle.

In order to find out your vehicle’s size requirements, locate the sequence of numbers printed on the sidewall of the tyre facing towards you. These numbers signify the tyre size that your vehicle is designed for.

Alignment and rotation of the wheel

Since the rotation of the wheel is what makes a vehicle move, the alignment plays a key role in determining the handling of a vehicle. In case a wheel is not aligned properly or does not rotate around a fixed axis, the tyres can get worn out pretty quickly.

Usually, a laser wheel alignment equipment has to be used to check the alignment of the tyre. Examination of the wheel’s alignment should be done on a regular basis in order to ensure that the steering components along with the suspension are in good condition.

Checking for the alignment and fixed rotation will prevent vibration of wheels at higher speeds (hence reduction handing), and uneven contact with the ground (hence increasing the life of your vehicle’s tyre).

According to the industry standards, the alignment of the wheel should be checked at least once after the wheel has travelled a distance of 10,000 km